Yes BALLADS and FOLK songs that began ORALLY eventually came into print in Colonial America during our American Revolution and continued with the expansion to the West according to Daniel Kingman’s American Music.
One of the primary sources of BALLADS came from the SCOTCH-IRISH tradition and made its way into the Appalachian mountains where I live. Appalachian music in addition to voice featured the FIDDLE for dancing and the GUITAR, BANJO and DULCIMER for BALLADS and FOLK songs.
The FIDDLE also made its way west where white boatmen on the Mississippi River used it for dancing. Most famous was ZYDECO and CAJUN.
The FIDDLE made its way North too; as Kingman points out these TUNES were more likely to follow the PRINTED words than the ORAL tradition of the South.