In addition to BALLADS and FOLK songs we must not forget the NATIVE AMERICAN music that the pioneers found already in America.
If you have listen to their music you might find it strange to your ears like the pioneers did. They predominantly used the FIVE NOTE system. They also were mostly vocal using DRUMS, RATTLES, WHISTLES and FLUTES. The vocal sounds were simple.
Their songs were concrete, used to accomplish a definite purpose and very personal. They would never have considered selling them but did give them as gifts.
The themes of their songs varied but included: healing, war, work, honoring warriors, hunting and contests. They were imbued with magical power. Native Americans believed that all things had spirits.
Next we look at another group of pioneers who explored further west – the Spaniards.